Acne is a skin disease that occurs mainly in adolescence and often continues to be present in adulthood. Acne affects a large percentage of the population at some point in their lives, however, there is no way to calculate how much time it will take to completely dissolve. It is mainly due to the body’s reaction to large amounts of androgens (testosterone), bacteria and common allergies to various foods.
The most common form of acne is Acne Vulgaris which means “common acne”. This is the type of acne most people suffer from. The face and upper part of the neck are mostly affected, but the back, chest and shoulders can also be affected.
In addition to the permanent scars it leaves, acne affects more the person’s psychological state and results in low self-esteem; according to a survey it causes depression. Acne tends to appear in adolescence when people already feel quite insecure. Therefore quick action and intense treatment is recommended to reduce the negative effects of acne on the individual.
- Local Acne Treatment
It is used to treat cases of mild-common adolescent acne, acne of pregnancy as well as an adjunctive therapy to systemic therapy. Most of the topical formulations are antimicrobial or keratinolytic, most commonly used with benzoyl peroxide, retinoic acid, resorcin in combination with salicylic acid and sulfur, and azelaic acid. In some cases, treatment can also be applied by topical use in a sufficient dose of B ultraviolet rays.
- Systemic acne treatment
In cases where acne does not resolve with topical therapy, it can be treated with systemic antibiotic treatment, hormone therapy and with the systemic use of retinoids. Antibiotics are the cornerstone of the elimination of acne symptoms. They must be taken for at least 3 months and they control the “pimples” of acne until they begin to recede. Hormonal therapy mainly consists in estrogen treatment or in a combination of estrogen with anti-androgens. This method is ideal for adult women already on contraceptive pills. The effects of retinoid therapy are not immediate, and all patients develop dry skin. Nose bleeding may occur in patients relatively prone to bleeding and transient hyperlipidemia, so liver testing is recommended before starting treatment. A complete cycle of treatment with retinoids is usually sufficient. Finally, during treatment with retinoids and up to 3 months after its completion, contraception should be imperatively used to avoid teratogenicity.
Other special treatment methods include:
- Acne treatment directly injected into the lesions
- Cystic acne treatment with surgical cyst resection
- PRP autologous mesotherapy
- With chemical peeling
- With facial dermabrasion
Acne treatment effectively eliminates pimples and acne scars in the face, chest, back, buttocks. Consequently, the results and the time needed to achieve them depends on the area where acne is present, its persistence and the treatment method followed by the patient.
A. Acne treatment is an individualized treatment tailored to the needs and specific skin type of each patient. The dermatologist will recommend the best treatment for you, following your clinical examination and after taking into account your medical history.
A. The cosmetics – products you use must not be comedogenic, i.e. they should not promote the development of blackheads and whiteheads. The use of unsuitable cosmetics that contain ingredients such as vegetable oils as well as the non-scrupulous cleansing of the face at the end of the day can lead to occlusion of pores and presentation of acne. In any case the dermatologist knows best and they will guide you on what are the suitable products to buy. Moreover, makeup is allowed, but with care using specialized products that provide aesthetic coverage.
A. Diet does not cause acne. However, some acne sufferers report that their acne has been aggravated after eating certain foods (chocolate, fatty foods). All of these foods can affect acne indirectly, causing increased greasiness.
A. Long exposure to sun causes sweating, resulting in the clogging of pores and the aggravation of acne.